11 ways to treat migraines without the need for pills

There is no cure for this disease and it is one of the most common causes of work absenteeism, but perhaps with these tips, you can decrease them

The migraines are a neurological disease that affects between 11 and 16% of the world population and causes recurrent headaches to moderate to severe that can lead to nausea, malaise and even cause episodes of high sensitivity to light, sound or smells.

The most mysterious thing is that it does not have a known cause or a fixed treatment , but it is always attributed reasons related to hormones or abnormal brain activity. In Spain, approximately 13% of the population suffers, that is, about 5 million people. This type of primary headache, considered the second cause of disability in developed countries, affects mainly women and its most frequent age range is between 25 and 55 years.

Although it is still unknown what causes them and is believed to be hereditary , some experts say that they arise due to hormonal changes or as a result of the activation of brain nerve cells known as trigeminal, one of the main nerves of the face responsible for transmitting pain signals to the brain, which causes the release of chemicals that irritate and cause blood vessels on the surface of the brain to swell and send signals to the stem, an area that processes pain information.

Stop them without medication
" There is no specific cure for this disease, but the condition can be managed by taking the correct medications and having a healthy lifestyle , as in other chronic diseases," says Zubair Ahmed , a neurologist at the Cleveland Clinic. Anyway, if you want to try to decrease them without medication, pay attention to these tips.

The supplements of riboflavin or magnesium usually work: "Some who include these components have proven beneficial to prevent them, " said Ahmed. A review of 2018 published in the journal 'Headache' found that those who took 600 mg of magnesium reduced the occurrence of this condition. And it has been shown that ingesting 400 mg of riboflavin decreases them by approximately 2 per month.

In Spain, 5 million people suffer from migraines and are more frequent in women

If you are a person with a stressful life you should calm down a bit. The stress can be a significant trigger. "This releases many chemicals in the brain that can trigger it or make it worse." During times of great nervousness, epinephrine and cortisol are released into the blood and when you slow down at the weekend you may experience a "migraine descending".

Having sex is very important. There is no one who does not know that it has many health benefits and one of them is that it reduces the appearance of this disease. A 2013 study found that 60% of people who had sex during migraine reported improvements and decreased pain. In addition, you should start to take care of your diet and not take anything processed . The habit of eating junk food can make them worse: each patient is different, but numerous studies have shown that it influences a lot.

And not only that, you should also stop avoiding some types of alcohol. "Some contain a series of components that can cause them", explains the expert. " Congeners are a by-product that appears in wine, beer or whiskey, although white liquors may not have the same effects," he adds.

Reduce them
If it is too late and unbearable pains are beginning , there are a number of steps you can take. The first thing will be to turn off the lights and any electronic device that makes noise . Many are produced by sensory stimuli, so lower the persionas and lowers all possible switches. Stay in a dark room until it disappears and decreases and if you have to leave irremediably, wear a polarized sunglasses.

The exact causes that cause them and are believed to be hereditary are still unknown.

Lie down and relax your muscles . Close your eyes and try to rest . Breathe deeply to release the tension. Lie on your back and place a pillow under your head and another under your knees (your legs should be slightly bent). Place your dominant hand on your chest and the other under your rib cage and inhale and exhale slowly for five minutes.

You can also put a wet towel on your forehead , this can cause the blood vessels to constrict and the blood flow to your head to slow down. Taking a cold shower could be good. However, you should bear in mind that, in some cases, low temperatures can make them worse. If the pain increases in the first 5 minutes of treatment , stop immediately and try a different method.

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